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Gardening Tips for Beginners

Gardening is hardly an exact science. Even seasoned gardeners make errors, so if you’re a neophyte, you need not be afraid. The following are tips that will make a good starting point:

Observe and take notes.

This is very simple but useful advice for any beginner: observe the space you plan to use – very closely. Is it big, small or somewhere in the middle? How windy does it get on an average day, and where does the wind normally blow? Is it sunny or shady? Which specific areas are the sunniest and for how long? Which specific areas are the shadiest and for how long? How are you planning to water the garden? Can you use rainwater? What are the soil’s and the other nutrients’ pH levels? How can you maximize the benefits offered by the space? What is the average temperature in your area, and which zone do you fall under?

Try to answer each of the above questions with the best of your ability. The moment you’ve figured all these details out, your odds of being successful will automatically improve.

Invest in your soil.

When you have a healthy, organic and nutrient-filled soil, you have a productive vegetable garden. And to make plants draw the most nutrients and water, they need to do it from the depths of soil through raised bed gardening. With this technique, you can maximize your use of the space and even increase yields significantly.

Design and plan your garden well.

Know the needs of your plant, and plant them as efficiently as you can. For example, if you want to add plants that climb on support, set up a trellis or grilles.

Begin local.

Locally grown plants are the best for newbies to start with, because growing them is a lot easier. Unlike exotic vegetables, which are very high maintenance, local vegetables are undemanding and will grow in nearly every soil type there is.

Water the right way.

When you water the right way, you increase your plant yield as well as keep pests and diseases at bay. The best way to irrigate plants in a garden is using soaker hoses and drip lines, which deliver water where it is most needed, and leaves time for roots to absorb it.

Be careful with pesticides.

Avoid chemical pesticides as much as possible because they are harmful and kill even the beneficial insects and pollinators. Instead, experiment with natural alternatives and see what works best. Some examples of natural pesticides include turmeric, chilies, insecticidal soaps and neem.

Don’t overfertilize.

A common misconception among rookies is that the more you apply fertilizers to a plant, the better it grows. This is totally wrong. With overfertilization, a plant’s roots can actually die. Have your soil tested to know which nutrients you should add and how much.

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