Septic Systems treat underground sewer water for reuse. The main purpose of these septic systems is to dispose wastewater on site from households. These systems save more costs compared to the sewer systems which are found in other areas.
A septic system is simple in design and this make them less expensive in installation and maintenance. The tank and disposal field are the main parts that a septic system has. Concrete is used to build the waterproof septic tank and the tank contains a pipe for letting in water and another for letting out water. The sewer pipe conducts the wastewater to the tank from the household. A simple idea is used in this system. It stores the water in the tank for a long time until the liquid and the solids separate. A series of trenches form the standard disposal field. These trenches are separated with coarse sand and gravel. It is made three feet deep from the surface. The trenches are distributed with water from drain pipes which contain holes.
The solid particles which are left in the tank after separation are then taken out of the tank. The tank is cleaned in a regular basis following some frequency which is controlled by some factors. The number of available people in the home. The volume of the waste water that the homestead produces. And the solid wastes contained in the water.
Some take one or two years to be pumped. While ten to twenty years is the time others usually take. This depends on the wastewater accumulation. An odor free tank is usually made of fiberglass or concrete. This can make it last for more than fifty years. Maintenance is not compulsory for a septic tank. When the rules are maintained then the functional life of the tank is protected.
Signs are available that show when there is failure in the septic system. Here they are. The waste pipes for drainage from the house being poor. The wastes in the tank show whether the waste pipes are in good condition. Unworthy inlet and outlet pipes lead to failure of the system. leakage of the semi-decomposed wastes from the septic tank.
Septic systems can also be taken care of following the ways provided.The surface above the system should always remain clear. Obstructions which may be available should be taken off to ensure that it is clear. No planting of trees and shrubs in this area. This is to avoid hindrance of evaporation and to provide space. Do not cover the field for absorption with hard surface. It is advisable to use grass to prevent erosion and remove excess water. Ensure the surface runoff water is diverted away from the absorption field.